HK Convention Standard
The Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships (HKC) defines requirements for every vessel being recycled and stipulates having: an Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM), a Ship Recycling Facilities Plan (SRFP) which prescribes standard processes needed to ensure safe and environmentally friendly recycling and a Ship Recycling Plan (SRP) that factors for the IHM and SRFP.
Yards or Ship Recycling Facilities (SRF) complying with the HKC must obtain a certificate of compliance from a recognized classification society. Every compliant yard must have a Ship Recycling Facility Plan which defines standard processes required to ensure safe and environmentally friendly recycling. For every vessel recycled, the yard must develop a specific Ship Recycling Plan that accounts for both the IHM and the SRFP. Vessels must have IHM Part I (Structure & Equipment), Part II (Operative Wastes) and Part III (Stores) on board in order obtain an International Ready for Recycling Certificate (IRRC) issued by the relevant flag state. In addition, yards need to have a DASR (Document of Authorization to conduct Ship Recycling) from the presiding authorities in a given jurisdiction.
Although the HKC has not yet entered into force, many recycling facilities have adopted or are in the process of adopting its standards and have applied for Statements of Compliance. These statements are issued by various classification societies based on their understanding and interpretation of the HKC. Therefore, in the same way as for ISO certificates, HKC certificates cannot all be understood to have equal validity / denote the same standard. In all cases, independent expert advise ensures that individual vessel considerations and demands can be taken care of properly.
HK Convention Standard Locations
EU SRR Standard
The EU SRR was adopted by the EU parliament in 2013 and entered into force on December 31st 2018, when EU-approved recycling capacity theoretically reached 2,5 million light displacement tonnes (LDT) per year.
As a regulation / standard it aims to promote early implementation and ratification of the Hong Kong Convention recycling standard within the EU and in other countries by making it mandatory for ships calling at EU ports to have a certified IHM on board. EU-flagged vessels must already have an IHM on board and non-EU flagged Vessels calling EU ports by the end of 2020 at the latest. In addition, EU flagged Vessels must be recycled in an EU-approved recycling facility.
Everyone working in the shipping industry knows how easy it is to change a vessel’s flag. Realistically the EU SRR standard will lead to a decrease in vessels flying an EU flag. The positive effect of the EU SRR is its de facto promotion of standards defined in the HKC. In addition to the IHM defined in the HKC, the EU SRR requires two more hazardous materials to be listed in IHMs for EU-flagged ships.
EU SRR Standard Locations
In order to reduce complexity, we define ‘Commercial’ recycling as non-‘Green’ recycling. There are various certificates and standards that have been issued to Ship Recycling Facilities, including ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OSHAS 18001 and ISO 30000.
However it is not always possible to verify on what basis the certificates have been issued and by whom. There are variations in the requirements of issuing parties, meaning that some yards have better standards than others. We strongly recommend owners to choose ‘green’ yards for their vessels, owned by ship recyclers that have been awarded Statements of Compliance from recognized classification societies after proper audit of their facilities.
Commercial Standard Locations
Star Alliance Standard
We are in the process of defining a recycling standard that will be promoted to engaged, responsible ship owners looking for truly green ship recycling standards and waste management procedures, in full accordance with the Hong Kong Convention.
Please contact us to learn more.